Deer
Deer

Facts about deer

Appearance

White-tailed deer, the smallest members of the North American deer family, are found from southern Canada to South America. In the heat of summer they typically inhabit fields and meadows using clumps of broad-leaved and coniferous forests for shade. During the winter they generally keep to forests, preferring coniferous stands that provide shelter from the harsh elements.

Adult white-tails have reddish-brown coats in summer which fade to a duller grayish-brown in winter. Male deer, called bucks, are easily recognizable in the summer and fall by their prominent set of antlers, which are grown annually and fall off in the winter. Only the bucks grow antlers, which bear a number of tines, or sharp points. During the mating season, also called the rut, bucks fight over territory by using their antlers in sparring matches.

White-tailed deer are native to Long Island, but their populations have been increasing for the last century, partly due to a lack of natural predators in our area. Deer become pests when they feast on gardens and ornamental plantings. They can cause damage to homes, and vehicles, and they are also one of the hosts for deer ticks, carriers of the bacterium that causes Lyme disease.

Deterrents

Several approaches may need to be used for satisfactory deer control. Rotating repellents or scare devices, utilizing fencing, and planting plants that are seldom damaged by deer are a few ways in which you can discourage deer from causing havoc on your property.

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